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Inferior Man is Discovered (不肖人得矣)
04-16-2013, 01:02 PM
Post: #1
Inferior Man is Discovered (不肖人得矣)
Confucius said, 'The minds of men are more difficult of approach than the position defended by mountains and rivers, and more difficult to know than Heaven itself. Heaven has its periods of spring and autumn, of winter and summer, and of morning and evening; but man's exterior is thickly veiled, and his feelings lie deep. Thus the demeanour of some is honest-like, and yet they go to excess in what is mean; others are really gifted, and yet look to be without ability; some seem docile and impressible, but yet they have far-reaching schemes; others look firm, and yet may be twisted about; others look slow, and yet they are hasty. In this way those who hasten to do what is right as if they were thirsty will anon hurry away from it as if it were fire. Hence the superior man looks at them when employed at a distance to test their fidelity, and when employed near at hand to test their reverence.

By employing them on difficult services, he tests their ability; by questioning them suddenly, he tests their knowledge; by appointing them a fixed time, he tests their good faith; by entrusting them with wealth, he tests their benevolence; by telling them of danger, he tests their self-command in emergencies; by making them drunk, he tests their tendencies; by placing them in a variety of society, he tests their chastity:-- by these nine tests the inferior man is discovered.'


孔子曰:“凡人心险于山川,难于知天;天犹有春秋冬夏旦幕之期,人者厚貌深情。故有貌愿而益,有长若不肖,有顺怀而达,有坚而缦,有缓而钎。故其就义若渴者,其去义若热。故君子远使之而观其忠,近使之而观其敬,烦使之而观其能,卒然问焉而观其知,急与之期而观其信,委之以财而观其仁,告之以危而观其节,醉之以酒而观其侧,杂之以处而观其色​。九徵至,不肖人得矣。”
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