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Rest in Their Proper Rest (安其所安)
04-10-2013, 12:05 PM
Post: #1
Rest in Their Proper Rest (安其所安)
A man of Kang, called Hwan, learned his books in the neighbourhood of Khiû-shih, and in no longer time than three years became a Confucian scholar, benefiting the three classes of his kindred as the Ho extends its enriching influence for nine lî. He made his younger brother study the principles of Mo, and then they two-- the scholar and the Mohist-- disputed together about their respective systems, and the father took the side of the younger. After ten years Hwan killed himself.

By and by he appeared to his father in a dream, saying, 'It was I who made your son become a Mohist; why did You not recognise that good service? I am become (but) the fruit of a cypress in autumn.' But the Creator, in apportioning the awards of men, does not recompense them for their own doings, but recompenses them for the use of the Heavenly in them. It was thus that Hwan's brother was led to learn Mohism. When this Hwan thought that it was he who had made his brother different from what he would have been, and proceeded to despise his father, he was like the people of Khî, who, while they drank from a well, tried to keep one another from it. Hence it is said, 'Now-a-days all men are Hwans.' From this we perceive that those who possess the characteristics of the Tâo consider that they do not know them; how much more is it so with those who possess the Tâo itself! The ancients called such (as Hwan) 'men who had escaped the punishment of Heaven.'

The sagely man rests in what is his proper rest; he does not rest in what is not so;-- the multitude of men rest in what is not their proper rest; they do not rest in their proper rest.


郑人缓也呻吟裘氏之地。祇三年而缓为儒,河润九里,泽及三族,使其弟墨。儒墨相与辩,其父助翟。十年而缓自杀。其父梦之曰:“使而子为墨者予也。阖胡尝视其良,既为秋柏之实矣?”夫造物者之报人也,不报其人而报其人之天。彼故使彼。夫人以己为有以异于人以贱其亲,齐人之井饮者相捽也。故曰今之世皆缓也。自是,有德者以不知也,而况有道者乎​!古者谓之遁天之刑。圣人安其所安,不安其所不安;众人安其所不安,不安其所安。
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