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Thâi-Wang Than-fû Gave Due Honour to Life (亶父尊生)
03-05-2013, 02:20 PM
Post: #1
Thâi-Wang Than-fû Gave Due Honour to Life (亶父尊生)
When Thâi-wang Than-fû was dwelling in Pin, the wild tribes of the North attacked him. He tried to serve them with skins and silks, but they were not satisfied. He tried to serve them with dogs and horses, but they were not satisfied, and then with pearls and jade, but they were not satisfied. What they sought was his territory.

Thâi-wang Than-fû said to his people, 'To dwell with the elder brother and cause the younger brother to be killed, or with the father and cause the son to be killed,-- this is what I cannot bear to do. Make an effort, my children, to remain here. What difference is there between being my subjects, or the subjects of those wild people? And I have heard that a man does not use that which he employs for nourishing his people to injure them.'

Thereupon he took his staff and switch and left, but the people followed him in an unbroken train, and he established a new state at the foot of mount Khî.

Thus Thâi-wang Than-fû might be pronounced one who could give its due honour to life. Those who are able to do so, though they may be rich and noble, will not, for that which nourishes them, injure their persons; and though they may be poor and mean, will not, for the sake of gain, involve their bodies in danger. The men of the present age who occupy high offices and are of honourable rank all lose these advantages again, and in the prospect of gain lightly expose their persons to ruin:-- is it not a case of delusion?


大王亶父居邠,狄人攻之;事之以皮帛而不受,事之以犬马而不受,事之以珠玉而不受,狄人之所求者土地也。大王亶父曰:“与人之兄居而杀其弟,与人之父居而杀其子,吾不忍也。子皆勉居矣!为吾臣与为狄人臣奚以异!且吾闻之,不以所用养害所养。”因杖筴而去之。民相连而从之,遂成国于岐山之下。夫大王亶父,可谓能尊生矣。能尊生者,虽贵富不以​养伤身,虽贫贱不以利累形。今世之人居高官尊爵者,皆重失之。见利轻亡其身,岂不惑哉!
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