PART 1.

1 - 1 Turn the Heavenly Disc

1 - 1 - 1. First, people should get familiar with twenty-Four Solar Periods(TFSP). Please read the following form:

In Chinese In English Duration
1. Li Chun (TFSP01) Beginning of spring 4 Feb - 18 Feb
2. Yu Shui (TFSP02) Rain water 19 Feb - 4 Mar
3. Jing Zhe (TFSP03) The movements of insects 5 Mar - 20 mar
4. Chun Fen (TFSP04) Spring equinox 21 Mar - 4 Apr
5. Qing Ming (TFSP05) Serene clarity 5 Apr - 19 Apr
6. Gu Yu (TFSP06) Grain rain 20 Apr - 4 May
7. Li Xia (TFSP07) Beginning of summer little 5 May - 20 May
8. Xiao Man (TFSP08) Surfeit 21 May - 5 Jun
9. Mang Chong (TFSP09) Grain in ear 6 Jun - 20 Jun
10. Xia Zhi (TFSP10) The summer solstice 21 Jun - 6 July



   

 

   
11. Xiao Shu (TFSP11) Little heat 7 July - 22 July
12. Da Shu (TFSP12) Great heat 23 July - 6 Aug
13. Li Qiu (TFSP13) Beginning of autumn 7 Aug - 22 Aug
14. Chu Shu (TFSP14) Heat ceasing 23 Aug - 6 Sep
15. Bai Lu (TFSP15) White dew 7 Sep - 21 Sep
16. Q iu Fen (TFSP16) Autumn equinox 22 Sep - 7 Oct
17. Han Lu (TFSP17) Cold dew 8 Oct - 22 Oct
18. Shuang Jiang (TFSP18) Frost descends 23 Oct - 6 Nov
19. Li Dong (TFSP19) Beginning of winter 7 Nov -21 Nov
20. Xiao Xue (TFSP20) Little snow 22 Nov - 6 Dec
21. Da Xue (TFSP21) Great snow 7 Dec - 21 Dec
22. Dong Zhi (TFSP22) Winter solstice 22 Dec - 4 Jan
23. Xiao Han (TFSP23) Little cold 5 Jan - 19 Jan
24. Da Han (TFSP24) Great cold 20 Jan - 3 Feb


NOTES; Here the date we used to show when it is one of twenty-four solar periods is not accurate. Please refer to a Chinese lunar year calendar to get the exact time in its special system. The beginning and ending of each periods are so accurate that hour and minute are used.

1 - 1 - 2. Yue Jiang
Yue Jiang means sun. The earth runs along its own route with sun as the center point. In the same time, the sun runs along its own route if we regard earth as the reference object. In ancient China, people divided the running route of sun into 12 partition, each has a name. In fact, Yue Jiang is used to describe the complicated movements of rotation and revolution of earth. In ancient China, people prefer to use 12 Earthly Branches to describe the 12 partitions the sun runs into. So, we have the following form.

Yue Jiang Duration (in Twenty-Four Solar Periods)
TFSP02 - TFSP04
TFSP04 - TFSP06
TFSP06 - TFSP08
TFSP08 - TFSP10
TFSP10 - TFSP12
TFSP12 - TFSP14
TFSP14 - TFSP16
TFSP16 - TFSP18
TFSP18 - TFSP20
TFSP20 - TFSP22
TFSP22 - TFSP24
TFSP24 - TFSP02


1 - 1 - 3. Heavenly Disc and Earthly Disc
In LiuRen, the Earthly Disc always remains in the solid form, without any changes. It is presented with 12 Earthly Branches as follows.

Earthly Disc remains motionless, quiet, free of any changes. Yet, the Heavenly Disc always remains active and turns around Earthly Disc from outside even both of them can be presented with this same disc.

For example, soon after Yu Shui (TFSP02) one person comes for a divination at the time of Wu (11:00AM - 1:00PM). By looking for the above form we know Yue Jiang is Hai (), then we should turn around the Heavenly Disc (same as Earthly Disc) clockwise to make the Hai stop at the Wu of Earthly Disc. If the person comes at the time of You (). Then we should turn around the Heavenly Disc around clockwise to make the Hai () of Heavenly Disc to stop at the You () of Earthly Disc. In such way we first learn the method of how to turn the Heavenly Disc. In fact, in LiuRen, most of the time we don't show up the Earthly Disc, just present the Heavenly Disc.

So, for the example of soon after Yu Shui (TFSP02) one person comes for a divination at the time of Wu (11:00AM - 1:00PM), we get the following Heavenly Disc:

   
   

 

 



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