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1. Wudang Taoist Inner Alchemy Practice
In the Chinese history there existed two men called Zhang San Feng. One was born in the Sung dynasty (960-1279), who upon retirement retreated with disgust from the world to a Taoist monastery on Wudang Mountain, where he acquired his Taoist name of San Feng. He is said to have learned T'ai Chi Ch'uan in a dream, or after watching a bird and a snake fight. More likely, Zhang applied the Taoist health principles and knowledge of energy circulation to his vast ability in external kung fu, thus creating something really different - a martial art that dos not use muscle power as a primary source of movement, but Chi. Later he became an accomplished Inner KungFu master after long term practice with several teachers. Therefore, he was regarded as the common founder of all Taichi boxing schools.

Another Zhang San Feng was a native of I-Chou in LiaoTung Province. His scholar name was Chuan Yee and Chun Shee. He lived in Yuan dynasty (1279-1368).

The Chinese old book Ming History bearing records available in the monastery on Wudang Mountain does indeed mention him. Descriptions picture him as being seven feet tall, with the bones of a crane and the posture of a pine tree, whiskers shaped like a spear, winter and summer wearing the same bamboo hat, carrying a horsehair duster and being able to cover 1000 Li in a day, sometimes Aeating 50 Kg food in one meal, sometimes keeping fasting as long as several months, possessing amazing memory as to recite a scripture fluently after reading it just one time.

The early legends about Zhang San-Feng are linked with activities of Emperor Chengzu
(1403-1424) who searched for Zhang for many years without results. By 1459, Zhang
had been declared an Immortal and, as with most saints, stories of his miraculous powers became part of the folklore in the Wudang Mountain area. There is a fairly long tradition amongst Wundang Mountain martial artists and Taoists that attributes the development of soft style martial arts to Chang San-Feng and his disciples. In 1670, Huang Zongxi wrote a book called Epitaph for Wang Zhengnan in which Zhang San-Feng was called the founder of internal martial arts practiced near Mount Wudang.

Both the first Ming Dynasty Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang and the Emperor Zhuli gave the orders beckoning Zhang Sanfeng. In the letter written by Zhuli carried such words as “Great immortal aspires for something ethereal and ascends all limitations, thus beyond common people’s surmises. Your orphaned cherishes the idea to meet you day and night…” Yet, no one was heard to ever meet him ever since.

In YongZheng Period of Qing Dynasty, Wang Xeeling collected all articles written by Zhang San Feng and thus Full Collection of Zhang San Feng began to circulate among general society. Later Lee Xu Han, the founder of Western School of Taoism, re-edited the book and collected it to the enormous Taoism book Tao Zhang.

After more than 30 years of search and exploration, Zhang San Feng finally was apprenticed to Huo Long to study inner alchemy practice when he was almost 64 years old. By applying inner alchemy theory, Zhang San Feng made lot of improvement and correction to Taichi Boxing which was created by Zhang San Feng, the KungFu master in Sung Dynasty. So, most of people mistake the two Zhang San Feng as one Zhang San Feng and regarded him as one accomplished both in martial arts and inner alchemy.

In fact, Taichi boxing form set composes the first beginning phase for the inner alchemy practice. People can find such conclusion from one Zhang San Feng’s book Zhang San Feng Secret Skills For Taichi Alchemy. From other books written by Zhang San Feng people can know he widely absorbed the essence from Taoism, Buddhism and Confucianism and held the three religions head the same target with different routes.

In his book Direct Explanation For The Mystery he introduced the different methods for inner alchemy practice according to diverse mental and physical constitution and the consecutive practice phases are consisted of discipline heart, fetus breathing, water wheel, cultivate elixir, etc.

His another book Great Dao was regarded as the guiding creed collection towards the understanding of the roots of three religions.

The Tree Without Root is a famous long poem. With the poem he emphasized his viewpoint that practitioners should cultivate both life force and primeval nature in the same time. He likened a human being’s life as a tree without root which means Jing, Qi and Shen are limited Aand continued consumption destines the final death from the very beginning. “People should not wait until the boat becomes too corrupt to sail out,” Zhang San Feng shouted to all people and warned all human beings.

The level of martial arts practice is in proportion with Taoist inner alchemy practice. Zhang San Feng’s books often have the same conclusion. No good foundation of inner alchemy practice practitioners’ martial arts practice is more like a tree without root. The outside strong cannot last long when the inner is weak enough. This is the relationship between root and branches in one tree.

Wudang Taoist Alchemy Practice, originated from Zhang San Feng, is a systematic training procedure handed down by generations of Wudang Taoists. By practice step by step, KungFu practitioners can gradually open up channels, preserve Chi and deploy Chi to every parts of body, thus laying a good foundation for any kinds of Wudang Kung Fu which emphasize the inner Kng Fu practice at first. Therefore, all Wudang Kung Fu practitioners are advised to begin their practice first from Wudang Taoist Alchemy Practice.

We sponsor Wudang Internal Alchemy practice class every year in Mt. Wudang and long term study in hermitage house is also provided. For more information please visit

2. The Brief Introduction of All Wudang Kung Fu Schools
and Different Genres

The Chinese Kungfu is divided into two different genres: one is external, called Shaolin Kungfu;another is internal, called Wudang Kungfu

Taoist Kungfu can fully demonstrate the essential things lodged in Wudang Kungfu. Ever since the Zhang Sanfeng lineage came into existence many famous Kungfu masters showed up in succession as the time elapsed. The internal alchemy practice widely intriduced and permeated into the Kungfu performance chracterise the whole Taoist Wudang Kungfu which win a broad acceptance among general practitioners. With the Black Turtle school serving as the neucleus of Wudnag Taoist Kungfu, other schools develop in a variety to presents each own characteristics, which greatly enriches the big family of Chinese Kungfu.

Nowadays, the QianKun school, Taiyi school, Purity & Minute school and Primeval Chaos school, etc., are well gain circulation among common walk of people. Later on, those circulating among common people began to devide into Southern Branch and Northern Branch. In Southern Branch the Pine Stream school remains as the mainstay while in Northern Branch the TaiChi school the main actor.

The Wudang internal Kungfu school base their theory upon the doctrine upholded by Lao Tzu and Chuang Tzu. They regard the whole human body should be in a communing state with the outside realm rather than imposing infliction upon outside. " Man should follow the example of earth, earth follows the example of heaven and heaven follows the example of naturalness. " These are typical sentence people can find in the book of Lao Tzu. Also, some classics such as I-Ching book, Yellow Courtroom, Yin Compliance, Internal Chapter of Pao Pu Tzu, Internal Kung Fu Personal Narrative, etc., supplied very rich nutrition to the sound development of internal Kingfu school.

The following below list the typical Wudang Kungfu genres, from which people can learn some basics of each one.

Internal Sanfeng Boxing
Being promoted very famous by Huang Zhonxi, who lived in early Qing Dynasty, such boxing passed on to Wang Zhengna who taught Huang Baijia. In the book Orgin of Internal Boxing there carry the following message as "Shaolin boxing is famous for the valor it demonstrates but because ot prefers to take action first and the opportunity is offered in the same time for opponent to take advantage. Internal boxing, on the contrary, can arrest the motion with stillness, and can get in the opponent in an instant. Differing much from Shaolin, internal boxing originated from Zhang Sanfeng. In the taboo there stipulated with the following prohibits,'not to teach scheming, bellicose, alcohol-addictive, indecent people.' It features the following contents as acupoints pointing, ten-piece brocade, 18 steps of stances, 35 steps of hand training, opponent-responsive knack.

SanFeng Primeval 13 Posture Tai Chi Chuan.
It was introduced to public by great Kung Fu master Wan Lai Sheng when he was 80 years old. What do the 13 postures mean, people may ask. In fact, postures as shed, catch, shove, press, poke, swing, elbow and lean against shall well match the eight trigram of Qian, Kun, Zhen, Dui, Xuan, Kan, Gen, Li. Step forward, step backward, look leftside, look right side and hold onto center compose that well matching 5 elements. So, adding them together we can get the total number of 13. Based upon the 13 postures, Zhang San Feng develop it further and thus gave arised the San Feng 72 Posture Tai Chi Chuan.

Wudang Taiyi Five Element Boxing
Originally given the name of Wudang Taiyi Five Element Capture 23 Posture Form Set. It was until in 1980 when a Kung Fu demonstrator called Jin Da Tao showcased the arts that it became to be popular gredually. By Jin Da Tao's account, in 1929 he went ot Purple Heaven Palace and studied the art 7 months with then Taoist Priest Li He Lin. By Li He Lin's words, this form set was created by Zhan Shou Xing (1488 - 1504) in Ming Dynasty who incorporated breathing, DaoYin and boxing together based upon Tai Chi 13 Postures.

This Kung Fu form set well accords to the five element theory, especially the generating and controling relationship. It focuses upon both the health preservation and boxing application together, pay attention upon the mind-will deployment rather than the force using. It can unconsciously melt the upcoming force and find the weakness point exposed in the process and take hold of the opponent in an hidden way. Stillness and motion are well weaven into together to form an integrity. Breathing and mind are combined together as like the flowing water and flying cloud, presenting intangible circumstance into which opponents can not peer into. The main feature are as follow: hand postures are soft and thread, the stump stance steady, two arms holding in a circle, foot stance in circular form, movements more like the snake walking through grass, all postures connected tight without apparent gap.

Wudang Pure Yang Boxing
It is heard the Lu Dong Bin, the famous immortal in Taoism, created this form set. It has been circulating continusly in secret in WuChang area, Hubei Peovince. In DaoGuang period of Qing Dynasty, Wudang taoist Wang Zi Dao studied with Long Xin priest and in 1928 Wang moved to WuChang area and taught this art to Liu Ding Guo who later practiced this art for more than 50 years and never exposed it the least to the outside. In 1972 he passed on this form set to Wang Zhao Hui. The mechanism of Pure Yang Boxing is based upon the He Drawing, Luo Writing, as they holds that left side revolution leading to birth of each other, right revolution leading to a restrain of each other. The main contents include the Belly Breathing GaoYin kung, Qi Deployment process, Purity Yang Preservation kung. Purity Yang Boxing is required to be learnt forst and Purity Yang Sword the next.

Zhaobao Tai Chi Boxing
Starting from Wen County, Henan province, Zhaobao Tai Chi Boxing began to circulate among common people. In the book Ancestral Source of Tai Chi Chuan published in 1939 towards such Tai Chi form there has the clear description as to the lineage, theory basis. In recent times, some descendants like Liu Hui Zi, Xie Jian Hai, Liu Rui one after another published articles claiming its Wudang Kung Fu similarity. The boxing progressing influence, fighting doctrines it holds onto features many similarity with Wudang kung Fu. Also, they regarded Zhang San Feng as the common ancester. Zhaobao Tai Chi Boxing altogether boasts up to 75 postures, incorporating Push hand, free fighting and stances posing. Also, the 24 methods are well melted into the skills and upper level, middle level and low level each has 8 methods unified. It is the true kung fu form.

Wudang San Feng Naturalness School - Tai Chi Broken Ring Palm
It was introduced to public by the Wudang Naturalness school headmaster Liu Huan Yun. It is heard that it originated from Zhang San Feng who passed on it to Hao Xuan Qing and other people. Later one many sub-schools were established and began to circulated in Shandong and Henan Provinces. The main routines include Tai Chi Broken Ring Palm, Tai Chi Hun Chasing Palm, Tai Chi Long Boxing, Wudang Sword, Five-Element Sword, 12-kind Weapon plays. The inner practice plays include Chaos Qi Mixture Gong, Plam Gong.

Wudang LangMei School - Fish Door Boxing
Wudang LangMei School was created by LangMei Taoist Lee Shu Er. The disciple Liu Ying Wen began to study this art with the descendant of Wudang LangMei School in Wuhan. Later the Cheng Ya Dong, nicknamed as "The first among Kung Fu Masters upon Rivers and Lakes" learn this art and became the desendant of this school. Fish Door Boxing looks simple, rich in the classic style, of very practicel application and of strong fighting ability. Later it was very famous in Wuhan city. It was honored as the "living fossil of ancient Kung Fu."

Wudang Ba Gua Chang
In Qing Dynasty Kung Fu master Dong Hai Chuan creadted the Ba Gua Chang. The beginning period when it circulated in Beijing, people called it turing-grinding-stone boxing. Later on it was fixed to be called as Ba Gua Chang and 64 postures were thus set up.

Wudang KunLun School --- 5-Elements Retreating Yin Yang Ba Gua Chang
It belongs to KungLun school of Wudang Kung Fu and was introduced to the public by Chen Shao Kung who learn the art 7 years with taoist priest Gong in TianShui area, Hubei Province. This kind of boxing emphasizes the combination of internal magicity and external magicity. The former denotes the Qi training and preservation, the latter outside postures. Deploy the inner Qi to elbow and excise the forthcoming power outside. In such way the emptiness carries the hardness and vice versa, thus effect the result of conquer the hardness with softness. The boxing frame mainly complies with the nine palace and eight trigrams and proceeds according to the routes they direct. The boxing proceeding influence looks nimble and smooth, fast yet never lack discipline. Practitiners should use more time practicing palm routine, boxing routine, finger routine and leg stances.

Wudang Dragon Door, Mind-Will School --- TaiYee Softness Gong
There are altogether 43 plays, each connecting another in a very tight way. It lloks like to withdraw the thread from the cocoon and yet unconsciously the inner force can burst in a sudden way. It is heard that it was created on the basis of He Drawing, Luo Writing, Four Emblematic Symbols and Eight Trigrams, with reference of yin and Yang rising and declining theory, 5-element theory. The stances and body pose and palm routine and elbow routing combine harmoniously when follows the special routes to proceed. It is seldom for people to meet the person who still know it and practice it.

Soul Captivation Boxing
One Wudang Taoist called Shen Cheng Kuan learnt this art when he wandered to White Cloud Temple in Mt. Heng of Shanxxi Province. Later on it was passed on to Zhan Kai Wen, the No. 18 descendant of the lineage. Its practice doctrine holds that it features Yin and Yang, five element magicity, harvesting excellency of Tai Chi Xing Yi and Ba Gua.

Wudang Pine Tree Stream School - Inward and Outward Turning Pound
Wang Wei Shen, the No. 20 descendant of Wudang Pine Tree Stream school, donated this art to the public. As the founder of Wudang Pine Tree Stream school, Zhang Songxi studied many kinds of kung fu forms with many then kung fu masters and later he smartly incorporated the essence of inner kung fu created by Zhang San Feng. So there came into being of the new style of kung fu form. The main characteristics manifest on the following: to discipline the mind-will inwardly, to train the body outside, use the mind-will to lead the way, apply eyes to show the magicity, combine inward with outward.

Taiyi Six Harmony Kung
It was presented to public by Cheng Ding Yuan, who was the No. 22 descendant in the lineage. Six Harmony is the treasure among Wudang Tai Chi Chuan, belonging to motion kung fu and Daoyin category. It is devided into six pieces and the whole postures look smooth and slow and graceful. It intends to reach a harmony in harmony and emphasizes the stump stance, take the cat-like foot stance, incorporeating some elements from Shaolin school.

Cyclone and Thunder Boxing

Then aged 12, Wang Shu Zhang apprenticed to Zhao Chao Ran, a taoist wandered away from Wudang. Wang studied the art 12 years and learnt the steel head Kung, steel board Kung, Eargle Claw boxing and Cyclone and Thunder boxing.

Taiyi Primevals Blending Ball
This arts belong to Steel Pine Faction, Wudang Taiyi School. It was introduced by Liu Tie Cheng. There exists a professional book telling the details of this kinds of martial art. In fact, it compose of three parts, Taiyi Primevals Blending Ball is the first step, the other two is Eight Trigram Ball and Go-as-you-like Purple Gold Ball. Some people regard it as the most valuable treasure among Wudang Internal Kung Fu.

Wudang Taiyi Heavenly Eagle

This kung fu form is the small faction of Wudang Taiyi school. It is recorded to be handed down by a hermit living in Sun-facing cave in Southern part of Wudang mountain. It enjoyed more than 200 years of history.

Southern School of Wudang Kung Fu
Created by hermit living in Wudang. Till Deng Zhongsan it is altogether 9 generations.In 1822, Qing Dynasty, it was so famous across China that in east-sothern China many practitioners can be found. Among them the famous are as follow: Huang Chun Ya, Zhao Shi Cheng, Lee Song Ru, Deng Ji Xia, etc. It is a treasure store, including Boxing, soft-nature kungfu, hard-nature kungfu, body-lightening kungfu and special forms.

Taiyi Magic Sword Boxing
It is heard to be created by Zhang Sanfeng. In 1988 Master Guang Heng jiu offered the arts to the public. It was originated from the book Wudang Anscestral Boxing written by Master Guang's anscetor. There are altogether 24 Chinese charactors in the recording. One character one set of kung fu form. Therefore, one character is used to train the external Kung Fu, internally it is used to train the magic sword - the fingers it mean. The adversary generally do not regard fingers as a sword and may omit its attack power. But when in the close-by fight it can play a decisive role.

Wudang Purity and Emptiness School Kung Fu
Wudang Purity and Emptiness School serves as one member among the four schools of Wudang Kung Fu (dragon door, Heaven Square, Purity and Emptiness, Taiyi). It originated from the taoist called Pei Yuan ( In Chinese it means Primeval Preservation) who once stayed in Great Homony Palace in Golden Top temple. Purity and Emptiness school features more softness and less hardness, emphasizes non-weapon fight. The doctrine they hold is as follows: practice Danyin, do without waepon, master in empty hand fight, where is the possible fear when one hand reaching out succeeding another.

Wudang Alchemy Sword
It is heard to be creadted by Zhang San Feng, who divided such fome set into three parts and the lowest serie was handed down to the taoist called Wild Crane. There is a poem describing the sword wielding status as "I practice sword and gradually get into the subtle stage, magic hand holding the magic sword, the flying birds are to be frightened into flee while no dust dare attach to the sword. In a flashing light by sword blade no people can be beheld."

Wudang Eight Immortals Sword
Also called Tong Bei Palm. Together with Tai Chi, Xing Yi, Be Gua to be called as Wudang Four Haomonization. Its theory is well based upon the doctrine holding that kidney works as the source of Qi circulation, connects the small water wheel and large water wheel, deploying Qi with mind-will, use Qi to deploy the body. Therefore, all flexibility of body movements is centered upon the golden mean doctrine, to capture, to point, all presenting the unfathomable inner meaning. The palm progression is well tightened and connected as a whole. The rhythm is clearly marked to show the force contained in it.

Small Threading Hand Play-108 forms
It is heard to be taught by Taoist priest Yunxiang, who happened to travel in Shandong Province and chanced to find satisfied disciple. Inherited the essentials of Wudang boxing, incorporate the skills of Capture and counter-capture, offense and defense, to form an continuous double-fighting form set, featuring counter-capture, nicety-capture, borrowing-momentum, issuing capture in the snare, offering solution in circle, etc.

Wudang Taoist Kung Fu Academy
Purple Heaven Palace
Mount Wudang Scenery Zone
ShiYan City, Hubei Province, China.
Tel: 0086-139-9820-6370

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